Lahore is the capital of Punjab. It is also called 'The Heart of Pakistan'. It is situated on the banks of the River Ravi. It is a city of gardens.
Ptolemy's "Geographia", written about 150 AD, refers to it as "Labokla" and locates it with reference to the Indus, the Ravi, the Jhelum and the Chenab rivers. Another place revealed that it was founded by Loh the son of Rama Chandra.
However the accorded history of Lahore dates back to 850 AD., conquered by Mahmood Gaznavi in 1021 AD, it was made the capital of the Ghaznavid east of Indus and later capital of entire Ghaznavid Empire by Masud, son of Mahmood.
It was then that Lahore became the center of social, cultural and educational activities reaching the pinnacle of its glory under the Mughals who gave it its famous architecture including the magnificent fort, gardens, tombs, mosques and pavilions. Some of the old names of Lahore can be observed as:
Institute of Education and Research,
New Campus, University of the Punjab,
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